Internet of Things

The internet of things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, buildings and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity that enables these objects to collect and exchange data. In 2013 the Global Standards Initiative on Internet of Things (IoT-GSI) defined the IoT as "the infrastructure of the information society." The IoT allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit; when IoT is augmented with sensors and actuators, the technology becomes an instance of the more general class of cyber-physical systems, which also encompasses technologies such as smart grids, smart homes, intelligent transportation and smart cities. Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but is able to interoperate within the existing Internet infrastructure. Experts estimate that the IoT will consist of almost 50 billion objects by 2020.

  • Bosch und Fraunhofer lassen das Internet der Dinge Wirklichkeit werden

    • Intelligenter Behälter »TraQ« und smarter Luftfrachtcontainer »iCon« öffnen die Tür zur selbststeuernden Logistik 4.0
    • Premiere der ersten Hardware für den »Industrial Data Space«

    Die Selbstorganisation in der Logistik kommt. Cyberphysische Systeme in Form intelligenter Container und Behälter sowie ihre Vernetzung auf Basis des »Industrial Data Space« sind auf der CeBIT erstmals im Zusammenspiel zu sehen. Die Entwicklungen, mit denen sich Produktion und Logistik in Zukunft selbst organisieren, erfolgten in einer Kooperation der Robert Bosch GmbH, Stuttgart, und des Fraunhofer-Instituts für Materialfluss und Logistik IML, Dortmund.

  • Cyber-Physical Systems: Die ganze Welt wird smart

    Vom Chip, der Airbags auslöst bis zur intelligenten Stadt: „Cyber-physical Systems“ bringen uns eine Welt, in der alles vernetzt und vieles einfacher ist. Bei der CPS Week vom 11. bis 14. April 2016 trifft sich die internationale Forschungscommunity in Wien.

  • First Real-time Test of Li-Fi Utilization for the Industrial Internet of Things

    First real-time test of Li-Fi utilization for the industrial Internet of Things. @ istockphoto.com/3alexd/edit Fraunhofer HHI

    The BMBF-funded OWICELLS project was successfully completed with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich. The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot, while the robot carried out usual production processes (welding, moving and testing parts) in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes. The system can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s and five milliseconds latency.

  • Fraunhofer HHI at FOE

    Location of Terahertz waves in the electromagnetic spectrum.

    At this year’s Photonics West Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute HHI presents its latest developments in Photonic Components, Systems and Networks.

    Photonics West is the world's largest photonics technologies event. Every year over 20,000 people come to hear the latest research and find the latest devices and systems driving technology markets including state-of-the art medical technologies, the Internet of things, smart manufacturing and “Industry 4.0,” autonomous vehicles, scientific research, communications, displays, and other solutions powered by photonics.

  • Micro Energy Harvesters for the Internet of Things

    The engineers coated a glass plate with a particularly smooth and conductive polymer layer of “Poly(Kx[Ni-itto])” by rotation coating (“spin coating”). Fraunhofer IWS Dresden

    Thin organic layers provide machines and equipment with new functions. They enable, for example, tiny energy recuperators. In future, these will be installed on pipes or other surfaces in order to convert waste heat into electricity. The experts at the Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS Dresden use ink based on conductive polymers for this purpose.

  • More than 80 experts attended Fraunhofer FIT's IoT Innovation and Networking Days

    The IoT Innovation and Networking Days were held on Fraunhofer's Schloss Birlinghoven campus, St. Augustin. © Photo Fraunhofer FIT

    The IoT Innovation and Networking Days, organized by the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT, were held on Fraunhofer's Schloss Birlinghoven campus, St. Augustin, on May 22 and 23, 2017. More than 80 experts from industry and academia came to Schloss Birlinghoven to discuss the latest developments in the “Internet of Things” field.

    18 speakers from leading international manufacturers and research institutes gave presentations about state-of-the-art Internet of Things (IoT) applications in sustainable process industries, smart grids and smart cities.

  • Project FIND - Consortium Develops the Industrial Internet of Tomorrow

    The efficient integration of components, plants and assistance systems inside the smart factory requires an intelligent network management. DFKI/SmartFactoryKL

    The rapid digitalization of production and automation is crucial to the successful implementation of the visionary concepts of Industrie 4.0. Among other things, this entails a secure and efficient communication infrastructure that automatically adapts to the requirements of each application; an infrastructure that enables the efficient networking of the production machines, products, and innovative data services; and, one that easily and safely supports the introduction of new industrial applications. Also, the increasing use of wireless technologies and the steady progress in the convergence of IT (Information Technology) and OT (Operational Technology) present special challenges.

  • Quelloffener Mikroprozessor

    Für Entwickler an Hochschulen und in KMU dürfte es künftig einfacher und günstiger werden, tragbare Mikroelektronikgeräte und Chips für das Internet der Dinge zu bauen. Dies dank dem Open-Source-Prozessor Pulpino, der an der ETH Zürich und der Universität Bologna entwickelt wurde.

  • Secure networks for the Internet of the future

    Security in large data centres: This goal is being pursued by the european research project SENDATE.

    Two new projects at the University of Würzburg's Institute of Computer Science receive nearly EUR 750,000 worth of funding. The institute is working to make secure and efficient networks for the Internet of the future happen.

  • TACNET 4.0 - German Industry Consortium Develops System for Real Time Industrial Networks

    © oporkka/iStockphoto.com

    14 German companies and organizations have combined forces in TACNET 4.0 - Tactile Internet, a project to create a standard system for real time industrial communications. The so called "tactile internet," based on 5G wireless technology, is being further developed with the support of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in this project for the digitalization of production and robotics. Focusing on the needs of the market, the project serves as a basis for a wide range of industrial applications. The project is coordinated by the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), together with Nokia Bell Labs.