The team grinds up samples of rocks and other materials to nano-sized particles, such as iron ore (photo). They can be used as reference materials for precise calibration of measuring devices. Simon Nordstad / Kiel University

Young start-up team from Kiel University develops new reference materials for direct microanalysis of solids. How badly plants are affected by contaminated soil, what the sea floor can reveal about past climate periods, or what yield an ore mine could deliver in future - an analysis of the chemical composition of minerals and rocks can often provide valuable information. For accurate results, not only are high-quality measuring devices required, but also first-class reference materials, in order to be able to accurately calibrate the instruments.

NRW nanoconference 2018

The NRW Nano Conference is Germany’s largest conference with international appeal in the field of nanotechnologies. It takes place every two years at changing locations. More than 700 experts from science, industry and politics meet for two days to promote research and application of the key technology at the network meeting.

The Fraunhofer IAF is coordinating the joint project »DiaPol«. As part of the project, researchers combine the classical MRI method with a nanodiamond polarisator. romaset –

With nanodiamond the tumor tissue can be detected sooner and distinguished better from the healthy surrounding tissue. Aiming at an improvement of the MRI procedure in the joint project »DiaPol« Fraunhofer IAF cooperates with the University of Ulm, the company NVision Imaging Technologies GmbH, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Israeli Center for Advanced Diamond Technologies (ICDAT). The novel technology offers great opportunities: the extremely precise and quickly available results make it possible to adjust the treatment of the tumor tissue to the patient in a significantly more efficient way than it has ever been possible with previous methods.

Smooth muscle cells regulate contraction of arteries and veins, the respiratory as well as the intestinal system. HZI/Tobias May

Researchers from Braunschweig developed a universal method that allows them to proliferate cells of any donor tissue while maintaining their function. When scientists discover a new active substance, e.g. for use against a pathogen, they usually study its exact effect in cultured cells. But there is a lack of suitable test systems that simulate body tissues, because cells rapidly lose their specific properties once they are away from their natural environment.