• Europe wide cooperation on spinal cord injury research receives 1.34 Million Euros grant

    Dr. Michell M. Reimer © CRTD

    Support for translational research: Europe wide cooperation on spinal cord injury research receives 1.34 Million Euros grant.
    Six European research teams including Dr. Michell Reimer and his team at the DFG-Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden (CRTD) - Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, received a 1.34 Million Euros ERA NET NEURON Grant for their research on spinal cord injury funded by the European Commission. The funding will start in 2017. Dresden. Spinal cord injury results from trauma to the vertebral column, usually caused by accidents during sport activities or driving. Injury of the spinal cord is a devastating condition for the individuals who suffer not only from paralysis but also chronic pain and impairment of bodily functions such as bowel and bladder control.

  • Information integration and artificial intelligence for better diagnosis and therapy decisions

    Artificial Intelligence. Source: Pixabay

    Research alliance between Fraunhofer MEVIS and Siemens Healthineers develops decision support systems for physicians based on deep machine learning.

    With their joint research alliance, Siemens Healthineers and the Fraunhofer Institute for Medical Image Computing MEVIS will support physicians in finding the right course of therapy for their patients. Both partners are jointly developing artificial intelligence software systems to facilitate diagnosis and therapy decisions with the help of advanced data integration, comprehensive databases, and automatic recognition of patterns and regularities in data (deep machine learning).

  • Nanodiamonds in the Brain

    Albumin-coated nano-diamonds can cross the blood-brain barrier and be used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in the brain.

    The recording of images of the human brain and its therapy in neurodegenerative diseases is still a major challenge in current medical research. The so-called blood-brain barrier, a kind of filter system of the body between the blood system and the central nervous system, constrains the supply of drugs or contrast media that would allow therapy and image acquisition. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) have now produced tiny diamonds, so-called "nanodiamonds", which could serve as a platform for both the therapy and diagnosis of brain diseases.

  • New risk factors for anxiety disorders

    Activation of the brain's fear network, visualized using functional magnetic resonance imaging. (picture: Dr. Tina Lonsdorf, Systems Neuroscience UKE Hamburg)

    Several newly discovered variants of a gene increase the risk of developing anxiety disorders. A research team aims to derive new therapies from this finding which are better tailored to the individual patients.

    Mental, social and inherited factors all play a role in anxiety disorders. In the journal "Molecular Psychiatry", a research team from Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany, describes a hitherto unknown genetic pathway for developing such diseases: They pinpointed at least four variants of the GLRB gene (glycine receptor B) as risk factors for anxiety and panic disorders. More than 5000 voluntary participants and 500 patients afflicted by panic disorder took part in the study that delivered these results.

  • Patienten-Monitoring in der eigenen Wohnung − Sensorenanzug für Schlaganfallpatienten

    Bart Klaassen mit dem INTERACTION-Anzug. University of Twente

    Ab sofort können die Bewegungen von Schlaganfallpatienten während ihres normalen Alltagslebens genau erfasst und analysiert werden. Möglich wird dies durch das neue System „INTERACTION“, das Bart Klaassen von der University of Enschede gemeinsam mit einem internationalen Team von Ingenieuren und Pflegeexperten entwickelte. Dabei ist ein neuer Anzug mit 41 Sensoren und der technischen Infrastruktur ausgestattet, um alle Bewegungs-Daten zu speichern, zu verarbeiten und zu versenden. Dank dieser Technologie können der Rehabilitationsprozess verbessert und die Pflegekosten reduziert werden. „Die Technologie ist endlich bereit dafür“, sagt Klaassen, der hierzu am 30. November promovierte.

  • Physics That Gets Under Your Skin

    Visional minimal invasive microsurgery - with the first-time real-time tracking of mobile micro-objects deep in the tissue, a decisive step has been taken. Picture Credit: Science Picture Co / Alamy Stock Photo

    Due to modern advances in medicine ever smaller objects are moved through the human body: nanotherapeutics, micro-implants, mini-catheters and tiny medical instruments. The next generation of minimally invasive microsurgery will enable small micro robots to move with their own drive through the body and through the tissue to transport substances and micro-objects. Therefore, new methods must be developed to locate these micro-objects precisely and to monitor their movement. Conventional methods such as ultrasound, X-ray or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) fail either due to insufficient resolution or due to long-term damage from radioactivity or high magnetic fields.