Carbon fibers

  • FlexPLAS®Release Film – Release Agent Free Manufacture of FRP Components in Complex Hot Press Molds

    Removal of FlexPLAS® release film from a contaminant-free CFRP component after curing in the hot press. © Fraunhofer IFAM

    At the JEC 2018 fair in Paris (6-8 March) the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM will present for the first time the use of flexible FlexPLAS® release film in complex hot press molds. You are invited to visit us on the communal stand of CFK Valley in Hall 5 A, Stand E 58. The plasma-coated FlexPLAS® release film developed by Fraunhofer IFAM (Bremen and Stade) has already been successfully used for a number of years for the manufacture of contaminant-free fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) components.

  • How to Program Materials

    Ali Gooneie looks at a sample from his most recent research project: electrically conductive polymers. The first calculations for his next project are sketched out on the blackboard. Empa

    Can the properties of composite materials be predicted? Empa scientists have mastered this feat and thus can help achieve research objectives faster. This leads, for instance, to better recycling techniques and electrically conductive synthetic materials for the solar industry. Ali Gooneie simulates on his computer what holds the world together right at its very core: atoms, molecules, molecular chains and bundles – then lumps and fibers, which emerge thereof. With his calculations, the Empa researcher can also explain properties we can feel with our fingertips: smooth and rough surfaces, flexible and rigid materials, heat-conductive substances and insulators.

  • Lighter than Aluminum and Stronger than Steel: Innovative Materials with Carbon Fibres made from Algae

    e-scooter step made of a composite material integrating granite and carbon fibers made from algae. Image: Andreas Battenberg / TUM

    In combination with granite or other types of hard rock, carbon fibres make possible all-new construction and building materials. Theoretical calculations show: If the carbon fibres are produced from algae oil, production of the innovative materials extracts more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than the process sets free. A research project spearheaded by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is to further advance these technologies.

  • LZH optimizes laser-based CFRP reworking for the aircraft industry

    Repair preparation of a CFRP aircraft component through layer-by-layer laser removal of the damaged material areas. Foto: LZH

    To be able to rework aircraft components made of carbon-fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) more efficiently in the future, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has started the joint research project ReWork together with the INVENT GmbH, OWITA GmbH und Precitec Optronik GmbH. The aim of the project is to develop a reliable process for thin-walled and complex CFRP components. Today, many aircraft components are made of the lightweight material CFRP. Advantages of this material are the low weight and the high stability. The processing of this material, however, is still difficult. Therefore, in order to eliminate production- and operation-related defects in a faster and more cost-efficient way, the aircraft industry requires a reliable solution.

  • Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

    On the way to series production: 3D CFRP processing. Photo: LZH

    More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

  • Photonics Meets Textile Engineering: Faster CFRP Component Manufacturing With an Ultrashort Pulsed Laser and Robot

    A carbon fiber preform drilled using a USP laser beam with a star-shaped cut-out and a perfectly proportioned metal insert. © Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.

    Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) components are usually assembled using fasteners. These are typically glued into the CFRP component once it has been cured and drilled. The consortium behind the CarboLase project came up with a new method, using an ultrashort pulsed laser to drill the holes for the fasteners in the textile preform with micrometer-scale accuracy. Integrating the fasteners in these high-precision cut-outs before the CFRP component is cured saves time by shortening the production process. In 2019, the project team’s efforts were rewarded with the prestigious CAMX Award in the “Combined Strength” category.


  • Precise laser drilling of CFRP components in large quantities

    Laser-drilled holes in an aircraft component made of CFRP.

    In a new joint research project, four enterprises and the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) aim at further developing the laser drilling of composites for series production in the aircraft industry. Their focus is on designing an efficient system and process technique that meets the demands of aviation. Composites, such as carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP), have a high potential for lightweight construction and are therefore already now widely used in aviation. These materials, however, have extraordinary properties, such as a low weight and high stability at the same time, but processing composites is quite complex. Here, mechanical processes lead to high tool wear and thus to quality problems.

  • Roboter on demand: Mobiles Bearbeiten von Flugzeugteilen mit höchster Präzision

    Mobiler CNC-Roboter für die Bearbeitung von CFK-Großstrukturen. © Fraunhofer IFAM

    Im Rahmen von Industrie 4.0 hat die Luftfahrtbranche eine Automatisierungsoffensive gestartet. Weg von der individuell zugeschnittenen Sondermaschine für einen speziellen Prozess, hin zu universell einsetzbaren, mobilen Robotern. In dem Projekt »Prozesssichere hochproduktive Präzisionszerspanung von CFK-Großstrukturen (ProsihP II) « entwickelten deshalb Experten unterschiedlichster Disziplinen die mobile und hochpräzise Bearbeitung von CFK-Großbauteilen durch parallel arbeitende Roboter.

  • Rock solid: Carbon-reinforced concrete from Augsburg

    Mortar with parallel aligned short carbon fibres. Inside picture: Schematic sketch of the nozzle technique for the alignment of carbon fibres in construction materials. © IfP/University of Augsburg

    Chemists at the University of Augsburg have discovered how to manufacture an extremely strong cement at reasonable cost through use of aligned short carbon fibres

  • Stromerzeugung aus Carbonfasern: IMH beteiligt an BMBF-Projekt

    Staatssekretär Thomas Rachel (rechts) beglückwünscht Prof. Dr. Peter Farber zu dem Foschungsprojekt.

    Stromerzeugung aus Carbonfasern: IMH beteiligt an BMBF-Projekt

    Krefeld, 10. Februar. Die Hochschule Niederrhein erhält für das öffentlich geförderte Forschungsprojekt „Textile Kohlenstoffelektroden für mikrobielle Brennstoffzellen“ (TexKoMBZ) eine Zuwendung in Höhe von 253.000 Euro. In dem Projekt geht es darum, den Hochleistungswerkstoff Carbon, der unter anderem in der Raumfahrt genutzt wird, in Form von Fasern zur Besiedelung von stromerzeugenden Mikroorganismen einzusetzen.