Air pollution

  • Diabetes: Risk Factor Air Pollution

    Modelled PM 2.5 concentration in the Augsburg area.   Source: Helmholtz Zentrum München using data of GeoBasis-DE / BKG 2016

    Exposure to air pollution at the place of residence increases the risk of developing insulin resistance as a pre-diabetic state of type 2 diabetes. Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München, in collaboration with colleagues of the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), reported these results in the journal ‘Diabetes’.

  • Quantifying the chemical effects of air pollutants on oxidative stress and human health

    The new model provides a quantitative basis for assessing the importance of air pollutants in different regions of the world such as the mega city Guangzhou, China, during a smog event.   Ulrich Pöschl, MPI for Chemistry

    New computer model provides exposure-response relationship between air pollutants and reactive oxygen species in the epithelial lining fluid of the human respiratory tract

  • Worrying traces of resistant bacteria in air

    Two photos taken in the same location in Beijing in August 2005. The photograph on the left was taken after it had rained for two days. The right photograph shows smog covering Beijing in what would otherwise be a sunny day.

    Polluted city air has now been identified as a possible means of transmission for resistant bacteria. Researchers in Gothenburg have shown that air samples from Beijing contain DNA from genes that make bacteria resistant to the most powerful antibiotics we have. “This may be a more important means of transmission than previously thought,” says Joakim Larsson, a professor at Sahlgrenska Academy and director of the Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research at the University of Gothenburg.