cell culture

Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside of their natural environment. In practice, the term "cell culture" now refers to the culturing of cells derived from multicellular eukaryotes, especially animal cells, in contrast with other types of culture that also grow cells, such as plant tissue culture, fungal culture, and microbiological culture (of microbes). The historical development and methods of cell culture are closely interrelated to those of tissue culture and organ culture. Viral culture is also related, with cells as hosts for the viruses.

  • Cell-compatible OLEDs for use with patients

    Green OLED light during physical stimulation of cells (OLED and cell culture plate) Fraunhofer FEP

    Cytocompatibility studies of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been carried out on cell cultures for the first time at the Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP to test how well OLEDs are tolerated by cells. The results offer promising prospects for the use of OLEDs in the medical field, such as in light therapy. The findings will be published in a white paper entitled “Preliminary cytocompatibility studies for encapsulated OLEDs” and likewise be presented at the 4th Industry Partners Day of the Fraunhofer FEP in Dresden on September 28, 2016.

  • Helpers for energy acquisition from plants

    Investigated the chloroplasts of Arabidopsis thaliana: Barbara Kalisch and Prof. Peter Dörmann of the Institute of Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Plants at Universität Bonn. © Photo: Barbara Frommann / University of Bonn

    Research into plant cells is far from complete. Scientists under the biochemist Professor Peter Dörmann at Universität Bonn have now succeeded in describing the function of chloroplasts in more detail. These are plant and algal cell structures that are responsible for photosynthesis. The results have now been published in the scientific journal "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA" (PNAS).

  • Lipid receptor fosters infection of the uterus in bitches

    Foamy epithelial cells of the uterus aggregate lipids via a receptor and support pregnancy in bitches. The receptor equally attracts bacteria, which may cause an infection (green: foamy cells). Cordula Gabriel/Vetmeduni Vienna

    In the female dog, cells of the uterus can accumulate lipid droplets to form so-called foamy epithelial cells during late metoestrus. These cells produce a hormone that is involved in the implantation of the embryo in the uterus. A team of researchers from the Institute of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology at Vetmeduni Vienna has now shown for the first time that the factor assisting the cells in lipid accumulation also facilitates the binding of bacteria to the epithelial cells, resulting in serious infections of the uterus in female dogs. Two studies on this subject were published in the journals Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia and Theriogenology.

  • Novel mechanism to steer cell identities gives clue on how organisms develop

    Luisa Cochella and Model organism C.elegans IMP/Beck

    Scientists discovered a new way in which microRNAs can determine the fate of cells in the course of their development. This could be a key to understanding how complex organisms are built, say researchers from the Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) in Vienna.

  • Von Hefezellen lernen: Neue Ansätze für die Therapie von Parkinson

    Gesunde Hefezellen (o.) u. kranke Hefezellen mit Ansammlungen von α-Synuklein-Aggregaten (grün). Mitochondrien (rot) liegen in kranken Z. stark fragmentiert vor, wenn der protektive Faktor  Yhb1 fehlt Quelle: Braus / CNMPB

    Göttinger Wissenschaftler des Exzellenzclusters CNMPB der Universitätsmedizin Göttingen gewinnen neue Einsichten in die Pathologie von Morbus Parkinson. Veröffentlicht in der Fachzeitschrift PLOS GENETICS.